Did you know that the first Electric Car was invented in 1888 well before the first petrol powered car the Ford Model T was made 1908 .

Electric vehicles (EVs) were invented in the 1800s, but mass-produced petrol-powered cars like Henry Ford’s Model T, introduced in 1908, quickly became more widely available and affordable. The electric vehicles had all but disappeared by 1935 – until the realisation that fossil fuel is a finite resource. This, combined with growing concerns about the damaging effects of emissions from petrol-powered motors, has led to a resurgence in interest in electric vehicles.

German engineer Andreas Flocken is credited with building the first real electric car in 1888. … The first electric car in the United States was developed in 1890-91 by William Morrison of Des Moines, Iowa; the vehicle was a six-passenger wagon capable of reaching a speed of 23 kilometres per hour (14 mph).

Below is a timeline of EV’s

1821 – First electromagnet

Michael Faraday creates the first electromagnet.

Acknowledgement: Public domain

1834 – First rotating electric motor

German physicist Moritz von Jacobi creates the first rotating electric motor.

Acknowledgement: Public domain

1837 – First American patent placed on an electric motor

Thomas Davenport, a blacksmith from Vermont, is awarded the first American patent on an electric motor.

Acknowledgement: Public domain

1859 – First rechargeable battery invented

The first rechargeable battery, a lead-acid cell, is invented by Gaston Planté. This technology is still used today. Further developments become possible in the electric car industry.

Acknowledgement: Public domain

1880 – Working electric vehicles being designed and built

Several people are designing and building electric cars using electric rotating motors. English electrical engineer Thomas Parker, a pioneer of manufacturing equipment that powers electric tramways, uses this technology to build one of the first electric cars.

1888 Andreas Flocken built the first real electric car in 1888. .The first electric car in the United States was developed in 1890-91 by William Morrison of Des Moines, Iowa; the vehicle was a six-passenger wagon capable of reaching a speed of 23 kilometres per hour (14 mph).

Acknowledgement: Public domain

1894 – Electrobat ll – first commercially available electric vehicle

The Electrobat ll is the first commercially available electric vehicle, designed and built by mechanical engineer Henry Morris and chemist Pedro Salom.

Acknowledgement: Public domain

1898 – Egger-Lohner electric car developed

Ferdinand Porsche develops the Egger-Lohner electric car. It is nicknamed the P1.

Acknowledgement: Arnaud 25, licensed under Creative Commons 4.0

1908 – Petrol-powered Model T developed

Henry Ford develops the Model T. Mass production of this cheaper, petrol-powered vehicle results in the demise of the electric vehicle.

Acknowledgement: Pierre Poschadel, licensed under Creative Commons 3.0

1971 – NASA helps raise the profile of the electric vehicle

NASA helps raise the profile of the electric vehicle when its electric Lunar Rover becomes the first manned vehicle to drive on the Moon in 1971.

Acknowledgement: Public domain

1996 – General Motors develop first mass-produced all-electric car

GM used a lease-only agreement to release the EV1 in the USA. The customer feedback about the EV1 was positive and production continued until 1999, but in 2002, GM believing that electric cars were unprofitable, recalled all EV1 vehicles. The majority of them were crushed, despite the protest of their customers.

Acknowledgement: Rick Rowen, RightBrainPhotography, licenced under Creative Commons 2.0

1997 – First mass-produced modern hybrid electric vehicle produced

The Toyota Prius is the world’s first mass-produced modern hybrid electric vehicle. Audi designs the Duo lll.

Acknowledgement: Mytho88, licensed under Creative Commons 3.0

1998 – Nissan Altra electric vehicle released

Nissan releases the Altra EV – only 200 are produced.

Acknowledgement: Tennen Gas, licensed under Creative Commons 3.0

2008 – Tesla Roadster

Tesla Motors produce the Tesla Roadster, an all-electric vehicle.

Acknowledgement: Plug In America, licensed under Creative Commons 2.0

2009 – Ford produces hybrid vehicle

The Ford Fusion hybrid vehicle is released in the US.

Acknowledgement: Public domain

2010 – Nissan, Mercedes-Benz and Tesla release all-electric vehicles

Nissan releases the Nissan Leaf all-electric car with a synchronous electric motor used on the front axle. Mercedes-Benz collaborates with Tesla Motor Company to produce the A-Class E-Cell vehicle.

Acknowledgement: Mario Roberto Duran Ortiz, licensed under Creative Commons 3.0

2011 – Chevrolet produces the Chevy Volt

Chevrolet produces the Chevy Volt hybrid for the US market.

Acknowledgement: Mario Roberto Duran Ortiz, licensed under Creative Commons 3.0

2012 – Tesla releases new models

With the end of production of the Tesla Roadstar, the Tesla Model S is released.

Acknowledgement: Tim Draper/Steve Jurvetson, licensed under Creative Commons 2.0

2013 – Panamera S E-Hybrid released

Porsche released the Panamera S E-Hybrid released.

Acknowledgement: Motor Blog, licensed under Creative Commons 2.0

2014 – Multiple releases of electric and hybrid cars worldwide

Around the world, there are multiple releases of electric and hybrid cars from BMW, Porsche, Mercedes-Benz, Volkswagen and Kia.

Acknowledgement: Oregon Department of Transportation, licensed under Creative Commons 2.0

2015 – Increasing technology and demand see more electric vehicles produced

The Tesla Model X is released, and more all-electric and hybrid models are released by Hyundai, Audi, Chevrolet, Volvo and Mercedes.

Acknowledgement: Steve Jurvetson, licensed under Creative Commons 2.0

2016 – Technology is increasing at an exponential rate in this field

An increase in consumer demand for more clean, green motoring and the competition for a share in an increasing electric vehicle (EV) market sees the planned release of many more EV and hybrid vehicles by most of the world’s car production companies.

Acknowledgement: Yarruta, licensed through 123RF Ltd

2018 – Electric bus trial

Auckland Transport adds two electric buses to its fleet. In New Zealand, an electric bus has a carbon footprint that is only 10% that of a diesel bus. Other councils have also started adding electric buses to their bus fleet.

Acknowledgement: Auckland Transport

First Hydrogen powered Cars

Toyota launched the world’s first dedicated mass produced hydrogen fuel cell vehicle (FCV), the Mirai, in Japan at the end of 2014 and began sales in California U.S.A

Also did you know that a hydrogen vehicle is a vehicle that uses hydrogen fuel for motive power. Hydrogen vehicles include hydrogen-fueled space rockets, as well as automobiles and other transportation vehicles. The power plants of such vehicles convert the chemical energy of hydrogen to mechanical energy either by burning hydrogen in an internal combustion engine, or, more commonly, by reacting hydrogen with oxygen in a fuel cell to power electric motors. Widespread use of hydrogen for fueling transportation is a key element of a proposed hydrogen economy.[2]

As of 2019, there are three models of hydrogen cars publicly available in select markets: the Toyota Mirai which is the world’s first mass-produced dedicated fuel cell electric vehicle, the Hyundai Nexo, and the Honda Clarity. A few other companies, like BMW, are still exploring hydrogen cars, while e.g. VW has expressed that the technology has no future in the automotive space, mainly because a fuel cell electric vehicle consumes about three times more energy than a battery-electric car for each mile driven.

As of 2019, 98% of hydrogen is produced by steam methane reforming, which emits carbon dioxide.[3] It can be produced by thermochemical or pyrolytic means using renewable feedstocks, but the processes are currently expensive.[4] Various technologies are being developed that aim to deliver costs low enough, and quantities great enough, to compete with hydrogen production using natural gas.[5] The drawbacks of hydrogen use are high carbon emissions intensity when produced from natural gas, capital cost burden, low energy content per unit volume at ambient conditions, production and compression of hydrogen, the investment required in filling stations to dispense hydrogen, transportation of hydrogen to filling stations and lack of ability to produce or dispense hydrogen at home

However this about to change due to a new invention the (On-demand hydrogen system) “ODHS) being researched and developed jointly by Teznic of Canada and Zero-Em Technologies of New Zealand

Already running on Hydrogen

Automobiles, buses, forklifts, trains, PHB bicycles, canal boats, cargo bikes, golf carts, motorcycles, wheelchairs, ships, airplanes, submarines, and rockets can already run on hydrogen, in various forms. NASA used hydrogen to launch Space Shuttles into space. A working toy model car runs on solar power, using a regenerative fuel cell to store energy in the form of hydrogen and oxygen gas. It can then convert the fuel back into water to release the solar energy.[9] Since the advent of hydraulic fracturing the key concern for hydrogen fuel cell vehicles is consumer and public policy confusion concerning the adoption of natural gas powered hydrogen vehicles with heavy hidden emissions to the detriment of environmentally friendly transportation Not so soon



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